marți, 20 octombrie 2009

Future with Going to


This form is composed of three elements: the appropriate form of the verb 'to be' + going to + the infinitive of the main verb:
'to be'
going to
going to


The use of 'going to' to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. The time is not important - it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on a present situation, that we know about. So it is used:
  • to refer to our plans and intentions:
    We're going to move to London next year.
    (= the plan is in our minds now.)
  • to make predictions based on present evidence:
    Look at those clouds - it's going to pour with rain!
    (= It's clear from what I can see now.)

Note: In everyday speech, 'going to' is often shortened to 'gonna', especially in American English.

Plans and intentions:
  • Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon?
  • Are John and Pam going to visit Milan when they are in Italy?
  • I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week.

Predictions based on present evidence:
  • There's going to be a terrible accident!
  • He's going to be a brilliant politician.
  • I'm going to have terrible indigestion.

NOTE: It is unusual to say 'I'm going to go to...'
Instead, we use 'going to' + a place or event:


  • We are going to the beach tomorrow.
  • She is going to the ballet tonight.
  • Are you going to the party tomorrow night?

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